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Grape Variety: Syrah

Variety Name Syrah
TTB Approved Name(s) Syrah (Shiraz)
Common Synonyms Shiraz, Sirah
All Synonyms Antournerein, Antournerein noir, Anzher Muskatnyi, Balsamina, Biaune, Blauer Syrah, Bragiola, Candive, Damaszener blau, Di Santi, Entourneirein, Entournerin, Ermitage, Hermitage, Hignin noir, Marsanne noir, Neretto di Saluzzo, Petit Syrah, Petite Sirrah, Petite Syras, Plant de la Bianne , Plant de la Biaune, Schiras, Sereine, Serene, Serine, Serine noir, Serinne, Sevene, Shiras, Shiraz, Shyrac, Sirac, Sirah, Sirah Marsanne noir, Syra, Syrac de l'Ermitage, Zizak
Countries of Origin France
Species Vitis vinifera
Pedigree 1998 DNA analysis (Davis, CA and Montpellier, France) shows that Dureza and Mondeuse blanche are parents of Syrah
References
Berry Color Black
Uses Wine

Syrah PhotosClick photo to enlarge

                                                 

Syrah Selections

Information about:          Selection Numbers     |     Registration Status
  Syrah 04
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Reported to be French clone 300
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This Syrah clone was imported to Foundation Plant Services from France in 1995 for a private nursery. The plant material is reported to be French clone 300. The importation was accomplished prior to the initiation of the ENTAV-INRA trademark program for official French clonal material. The words 'reported to be' indicate that the authenticity of the clonal material cannot be guaranteed for this selection. The original material for this selection underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 1996. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 04 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. The selection has been donated to the FPS public grapevine collection.

  Syrah 04.1
Source Reported to be French clone 300
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This Syrah clone was imported to Foundation Plant Services from France in 1995 for a private nursery. The plant material is reported to be French clone 300. The importation was accomplished prior to the initiation of the ENTAV-INRA trademark program for official French clonal material. The words 'reported to be' indicate that the authenticity of the clonal material cannot be guaranteed for this selection. The original material for this selection underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 1996. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 04 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. The selection has been donated to the FPS public grapevine collection. Syrah 04 successfully completed testing to qualify it for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2012 as Syrah FPS 04.1.

  Syrah 05.1
Source Reported to be French clone 174
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This Syrah clone was imported to Foundation Plant Services from France in 1995 for a private nursery. The plant material is reported to be French clone 174. The importation was accomplished prior to the initiation of the ENTAV-INRA trademark program for official French clonal material. The words 'reported to be' indicate that the authenticity of the clonal material cannot be guaranteed for this selection. The original material for this selection underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 1996. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 05 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. Syrah 05 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2012 and successfully qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2013. The selection has been donated to the FPS public grapevine collection.

  Syrah 06.1
Source Reported to be French clone 100
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This Syrah clone was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 1998 by a California nurseryman. The material is reported to be French clone 100. The importation was accomplished prior to the initiation of the ENTAV-INRA trademark program for official French clonal material. The words 'reported to be' indicate that the authenticity of this selection cannot be guaranteed for this selection. The original material for this selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting, which did not disqualify it for planting in the foundation vineyard in 2000. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, the untreated Syrah 06 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. At the same time as the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for Syrah 06 in 1998 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. The backup vines were planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard without assignment of an official selection number. In 2009, it was discovered that the untreated Syrah 06 vines suffered from virus, and those vines were removed from the foundation vineyard. The treated backup vines successfully completed testing under the 2010 Protocol and were planted in the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2011 as Syrah 06.1.

  Syrah 07 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Reported to be French clone 877 from France via California vineyard
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This Syrah clone was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 1998 by a California nurseryman. The material is reported to be French clone 877. The importation was accomplished prior to the initiation of the ENTAV-INRA trademark program for official French clonal material. The words 'reported to be' indicate that the authenticity of this selection cannot be guaranteed for this selection. The original material for this selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting, which did not disqualify it for planting in the foundation vineyard in 2000. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, the untreated Syrah 07 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000.

  Syrah 07.1 Top
Source Reported to be French clone 877 from France via California vineyard
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This Syrah clone was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 1998 by a California nurseryman. The material is reported to be French clone 877. The importation was accomplished prior to the initiation of the ENTAV-INRA trademark program for official French clonal material. The words 'reported to be' indicate that the authenticity of this selection cannot be guaranteed for this selection. The original material for this selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting, which did not disqualify it for planting in the foundation vineyard in 2000. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, the untreated Syrah 07 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. At the same time as the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for Syrah 07 in 1998 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those backup vines were planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard without the assignment of an official selection number. The treated backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify them for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where the selection was planted in 2011 as Syrah 07.1.

  Syrah 08 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Durell clone from UC Hopland Research & Extension Center, Mendocino County, California
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 1998 by a U.C. Viticulture Extension Specialist. The original material was designated as the 'Durell clone' from the University of California, Hopland Research & Extension Center in Mendocino County, California. The selection successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000.

  Syrah 08.1 Top
Source Durell clone, University of California Hopland Research & Extension Center, Mendocino County, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 1998 by a U.C. Viticulture Extension Specialist. The original material was designated as the 'Durell clone' from the University of California, Hopland Research & Extension Center in Mendocino County, California. The selection successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. At the same time as the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for the untreated Syrah 08 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those treated backup vines were planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard without assignment of a formal selection number. The backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where they were planted in 2011 as Syrah 08.1.

  Syrah 09 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Source Sirah FPS 01, from l'Espiguette, France
Treatments Tissue culture therapy (1997)
Comments Syrah 09 was imported from Domaine de l’Espiguette, France, in 1973 by Austin Goheen (USDA Plant Introduction no. 391452). The cuttings were supplied by M. Claude Valat at the Association Nacionale Technique pour l’Amelioration de la Viticulture. Although the material was referred to as ‘Syrah’ in the plant introduction records, the selection was planted in the FPS foundation vineyard in 1976 under the name Sirah 01. At the time, FPMS already had a selection with the name Syrah 01; in order to avoid duplication, the name of the Espiguette introduction was assigned as Sirah 01. The original material for this selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus, which was not allowed in the new FPS foundation vineyard in Brooks tract. In order to qualify for the foundation vineyard (now known as the Classic Foundation Vineyard), Sirah 01 underwent tissue culture therapy in 1997 and was released as Syrah 09 in 2001. In 2007, a hold was placed on the only Syrah 09 vine in the FPS foundation vineyard due to the possibility of GVA virus. That suspicion was based on a Kober 5BB field index indicator test recently used on a sibling vine which detected GVA virus. FPS scientists ultimately concluded that the Kober 5BB woody index often gave false or ambiguous results and discontinued use of the field test, replacing it with improved PCR testing for GVA virus. High throughput sequencing tests in 2016 on the single Syrah 09 vine remaining in the Classic Foundation Vineyard revealed that the vine was negative for GVA, and the hold on the vine was removed. The original material for Syrah 09 had also undergone microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2007. The treated material was advanced to Provisional status at FPS in 2011 and released as Syrah 22. Syrah 22 qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard where the selection was planted in 2012 as Syrah 22.1.

  Syrah 10 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Syrah FPS 01, originally from Pont-de-la-Maye, France
Treatments Heat treatment 71 days; microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments The material for this selection was imported to Foundation Plant Services in 1974 from the Station de Recherches de Viticulture, Pont-de-la-Maye near Bordeaux, France, by Dr. Harold Olmo (former Professor, Department of Viticulture & Enology, University of California, Davis). USDA plant inventory records show that the material was identified as INRA M VI-I SI (USDA Plant Identification number 391482). The original material underwent heat treatment for 71 days at FPS and was planted in the old FPS foundation vineyard in 1976 as Syrah 01. Syrah 01 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 1997. After successful completion of disease testing, the treated material was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard as Syrah 10.

  Syrah 11 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source The Hyde clone, Hyde Vineyards (Larry Hyde), Carneros region of Napa County, California, in 2002
Treatments None, RSP+
  Syrah 12 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Reported to be French clone 99 via Ontario, Canada, in 1999; first registered in California in 2007
Treatments None, RSP+
  Syrah 13 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Milan, Italy
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection came to Davis in 1949 from Luigi Pirovano of the Viticultural and Horticultural Establishment in Milan, Lombardy, Italy (USDA-ARS Plant Identification number 173295; Davis Repository accession DVIT 1053). The plant material was originally established at the National Clonal Germplasm Repository in Davis, California, but was transferred to Foundation Plant Services in 1999 for disease testing and therapy. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy at FPS in 1999.

  Syrah 13.1 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Source Italy, via the National Clonal Germplasm Repository in Davis, CA
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection came to Davis in 1949 from Luigi Pirovano of the Viticultural and Horticultural Establishment in Milan, Lombardy, Italy (USDA-ARS Plant Identification number 173295; Davis Repository accession DVIT 1053). The material was originally established at the National Clonal Germplasm Repository in Davis, CA, but was transferred to Foundation Plant Services in 1999 for disease testing and therapy. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy at FPS in 1999. Syrah 13 successfully completed testing to qualify it for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2011 as Syrah 13.1.

  Syrah 14 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Richter Nursery, Montpellier, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments The original plant material for this selection was imported to Davis by Dr. Harold Olmo (former Professor, Department of Viticulture & Enology, University of California, Davis) in 1936 from Richter Nursery in Montpellier, France (USDA Plant Identification number 113643). Although the import information labelled this material 'Petite Sirah', Dr. Olmo indicated that label was incorrect. He opined that the material that was imported was the 'true Syrah' (see FPS indexing records). Dr. Olmo maintained this plant material in the Department (Viticulture & Enology) vineyards at UC Davis and also donated the material to the National Clonal Germplasm Repository at Davis (DVIT 896). The original material tested positive for virus at Foundation Plant Services (2000-2001) and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy in 2000. The treated plant material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006.

  Syrah 14.1 Top
Source Richter Nursery, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments The original plant material for this selection was imported to Davis by Dr. Harold Olmo (former Professor, Department of Viticulture & Enology, University of California, Davis) in 1936 from Richter Nursery in France (USDA Plant Identification number 113643). Although the import information labelled this material 'Petite Sirah', Dr. Olmo indicated that label was incorrect. He opined that the material that was imported was the 'true Syrah' (see FPS indexing records). Dr. Olmo maintained this plant material in the Department (Viticulture & Enology) vineyards at UC Davis and also donated the material to the National Clonal Germplasm Repository at Davis (DVIT 896). The original material tested positive for virus at Foundation Plant Services (2000-2001) and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy in 2000. The treated plant material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006. Syrah 14 successfully completed testing to qualify it for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2011 as Syrah 14.1.

  Syrah 15 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Napa County, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This plant material originated from property of the St. Helena Library near Oakville, California. This selection was discovered during a project to collect old vine selections for a Petite Sirah planting at the University of California's Oakville Field Station. Three varieties - Durif, Peloursin, and Syrah - were found in the vineyard, suggesting that they might once have been blended into a black variety field blend that was used in the past in the Napa area. This original plant material came to Foundation Plant Services in 2001 and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in that year. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 15 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006.

  Syrah 16 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Hyde Vineyards, Napa County, California
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2002 by Larry Hyde of Hyde Vineyards in the Carneros region of Napa County, California. It is known to Hyde as the Joseph Phelps Syrah clone.

  Syrah 16.1 Top
Source Hyde Vineyards in the Carneros region of Napa County
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2002 by Larry Hyde of Hyde Vineyards in the Carneros region of Napa County, California. It is known to Hyde as the Joseph Phelps Syrah clone. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2016 and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2018.

  Syrah 19 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
  Available from FPS
Source France
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection is a proprietary clone imported to Foundation Plant Services, UC Davis, in 2007 by Pepiniere Guillaume Nursery in Knights Landing, California. The material is distributed by Guillaume and its licensees.

  Syrah 19.1 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
  Available from FPS
Source France
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection underwent microshoot-tip therapy in 2008. The microshoot-tip was sourced from Syrah 19, a proprietary clone imported to Foundation Plant Services, UC Davis, in 2007 by Pepiniere Guillaume Nursery in Knights Landing, California. The material is distributed by Guillaume and its licensees.

  Syrah 19.2 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
  Available from FPS
Source France
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection underwent microshoot-tip therapy in 2008. The microshoot-tip was sourced from Syrah 19, a proprietary clone imported to Foundation Plant Services, UC Davis, in 2007 by Pepiniere Guillaume Nursery in Knights Landing, California. The material is distributed by Guillaume and its licensees.

  Syrah 20 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Australia
Treatments None
Comments This material was imported to Foundation Plant Services in 2001 from the Australian Vine Improvement Association, in Nuriootpa, Australia. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 20 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2005. The plant material for this selection is reported to be a different clone than that for Syrah 26.

  Syrah 20.1 Top
Source Australia
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This material was imported to Foundation Plant Services in 2001 from the Australian Vine Improvement Association, in Nuriootpa, Australia. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 20 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2005. At the same time as the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for this selection using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those backup vines were planted in the Classic Foundation Vineyard without assignment of an official selection number. The backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify them for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where the new treated selection was planted in 2012 as Syrah 20.1.

  Syrah 21 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Morisoli Heritage Vineyard, Napa, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2002 from the Morisoli Heritage Vineyard in Napa, California. The original material tested positive for virus and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy at FPS in 2007. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 21 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2011.

  Syrah 21.1 Top
Source Morisoli Heritage Vineyard, Napa County, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2002 from the Morisoli Heritage Vineyard in Napa, California. The original material tested positive for virus and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy at FPS in 2007. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Syrah 21 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2011. Syrah 21 successfully completed testing to qualify it for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2012 as Syrah 21.1.

  Syrah 22 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Syrah FPS 09, originally from France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy on Syrah 09
Comments Syrah 09 was imported from Domaine de l’Espiguette, France, in 1973 by Austin Goheen (USDA Plant Introduction no. 391452). The cuttings were supplied by M. Claude Valat at the Association Nacionale Technique pour l’Amelioration de la Viticulture. Although the material was referred to as ‘Syrah’ in the plant introduction records, the selection was planted in the FPS foundation vineyard in 1976 under the name Sirah 01. At the time, FPMS already had a selection with the name Syrah 01; in order to avoid duplication, the name of the Espiguette introduction was assigned as Sirah 01. The original material for this selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus, which was not allowed in the new FPS foundation vineyard in Brooks tract. In order to qualify for the foundation vineyard (now known as the Classic Foundation Vineyard), Sirah 01 underwent tissue culture therapy in 1997 and was released as Syrah 09 in 2001. In 2007, a hold was placed on the only Syrah 09 vine in the FPS foundation vineyard due to the possibility of GVA virus. That suspicion was based on a Kober 5BB field index indicator test recently used on a sibling vine which detected GVA virus. FPS scientists ultimately concluded that the Kober 5BB woody index often gave false or ambiguous results and discontinued use of the field test, replacing it with improved PCR testing for GVA virus. High throughput sequencing tests in 2016 on the single Syrah 09 vine remaining in the Classic Foundation Vineyard revealed that the vine was negative for GVA, and the hold on the vine was removed. The original material for Syrah 09 had also undergone microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2007. The treated material was advanced to Provisional status at FPS in 2011 and released as Syrah 22. Syrah 22 qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard where the selection was planted in 2012 as Syrah 22.1.

  Syrah 22.1 Top
Source Syrah 09, originally from France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy on Syrah 09
Comments Syrah 09 was imported from Domaine de l’Espiguette, France, in 1973 by Austin Goheen (USDA Plant Introduction no. 391452). The cuttings were supplied by M. Claude Valat at the Association Nacionale Technique pour l’Amelioration de la Viticulture. Although the material was referred to as ‘Syrah’ in the plant introduction records, the selection was planted in the FPS foundation vineyard in 1976 under the name Sirah 01. At the time, FPMS already had a selection with the name Syrah 01; in order to avoid duplication, the name of the Espiguette introduction was assigned as Sirah 01. The original material for this selection tested positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus, which was not allowed in the new FPS foundation vineyard in Brooks tract. In order to qualify for the foundation vineyard (now known as the Classic Foundation Vineyard), Sirah 01 underwent tissue culture therapy in 1997 and was released as Syrah 09 in 2001. In 2007, a hold was placed on the only Syrah 09 vine in the FPS foundation vineyard due to the possibility of GVA virus. That suspicion was based on a Kober 5BB field index indicator test recently used on a sibling vine which detected GVA virus. FPS scientists ultimately concluded that the Kober 5BB woody index often gave false or ambiguous results and discontinued use of the field test, replacing it with improved PCR testing for GVA virus. High throughput sequencing tests in 2016 on the single Syrah 09 vine remaining in the Classic Foundation Vineyard revealed that the vine was negative for GVA, and the hold on the vine was removed. The original material for Syrah 09 had also undergone microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2007. The treated material was advanced to Provisional status at FPS in 2011 and released as Syrah 22. Syrah 22 qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard where the selection was planted in 2012 as Syrah 22.1.

  Syrah 23 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 from Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah FPS 23/23.1, Syrah FPS 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones entered the disease testing program at FPS in 2010. Syrah 23 successfully completed disease testing for the California Registration & Certification Program in 2012 and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard.

  Syrah 23.1 Top
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 by Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones entered the disease testing program at FPS in 2010. the original material for Syrah 23 successfully completed disease testing for the California Registration & Certification Program in 2012 and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard. The original material also underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Syrah 24 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 by Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones came to FPS in 2010, where they entered the disease testing process. The original material for Syrah 24 successfully completed disease testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 2012.

  Syrah 24.1 Top
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 by Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones came to FPS in 2010, where they entered the disease testing process. The original material for Syrah 24 successfully completed disease testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 2012 and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard. That original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Syrah 25 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 from Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, 25/25.1, 34.1 and 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones came to FPS in 2010, where they entered the disease testing process. The original material for Syrah 25 successfully completed disease testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 2012.

  Syrah 25.1 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Source France, via Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 from Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones came to FPS in 2010, where they entered the disease testing process. The original material for Syrah 25 successfully completed disease testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 2012 and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard. The original material also underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2010. That treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Syrah 26 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Australia
Treatments None
Comments This selection was imported to Foundation Plant Services in 2001 from the Australian Vine Improvement Association in Nuriootpa, Australia. The original untreated material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006. The plant material for this selection is reported to be a different clone than that for Syrah 20.

  Syrah 26.1 Top
Source Australia
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported to Foundation Plant Services in 2001 from the Australian Vine Improvement Association in Nuriootpa, Australia. The original untreated material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006. At the same time the original untreated material was being testing, FPS created backup vines for Syrah 26 in 2003 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those backup vines were planted in the Classic Foundation Vineyard without assigning an official selection number. The backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify them for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where the treated selection was planted in 2012 as Syrah 26.1.

  Syrah 27.1 Top
Source Duarte Nursery, Hughson, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was donated to the Foundation Plant Services public grapevine collection in 2009 by Duarte Nursery in Hughson, California. It is reported to be the 'Estrella clone'. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 2009. The treated material successfully completed testing for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2013 as Syrah 27.1.

  Syrah 29.1 (proprietary) Top
Source Vineyard in Napa County, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2008 from a vineyard in Napa County, California. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2009. The treated material successfully completed testing in 2013 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it will be planted as Syrah 29.1.

  Syrah 34.1 Top
Source Tablas Creek Vineyard, Paso Robles, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 by Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones came to FPS in 2010, where they entered the disease testing process. The original material for this selection underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2015.

  Syrah 35.1 Top
Source France via Tablas Creek Vineyard, Paso Robles, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection is one of five Syrah clones donated to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2010 by Tablas Creek Vineyards in Paso Robles, California. Syrah 23/23.1, Syrah 24/24.1, Syrah 25/25.1, Syrah 34.1 and Syrah 35.1 are reported to be from unique vine sources in France. The original mother plants for these selections came to the United States through the quarantine program in Geneva, New York, in the 1980's. The Syrah clones came to FPS in 2010, where they entered the disease testing process. That original material for this selection underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2015.

  Syrah 36 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
  Available from FPS
Source 'Alban 1' clone, Alban Vineyards Inc.
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection is a proprietary clone that is owned by Alban Vineyards, Inc. It is the Alban 1 clone. Written permission of the owner Alban Vineyards, Inc. is required prior to distribution. Contact information: john@albanvineyards.com or Alban Vineyards, 8575 Orcutt Rd, Arroyo Grande, CA 93420

  Syrah 36.1 (proprietary) Top
Source 'Alban 1', Georgetown, El Dorado County, California via Duarte Nursery
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2015 from Duarte Nursery, Inc., in Hughson, California. The material was collected in Duarte's Georgetown block in El Dorado County and was labelled 'Alban 1 - Syrah Cotie Rotie'. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2015 and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2018.

  Syrah 37 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source 'Alban 2' clone, Alban Vineyards, Inc.
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection is a proprietary clone that is owned by Alban Vineyards, Inc. It is the Alban 2 clone. Written permission of the owner Alban Vineyards, Inc. is required prior to distribution. Contact information: john@albanvineyards.com or Alban Vineyards, 8575 Orcutt Rd, Arroyo Grande, CA 93420

  Syrah 37.1 (proprietary) Top
Source 'Syrah Alban 2', from Duarte Nursery, Hughson, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2013 from Duarte Nursery, Hughson, California. The clone is 'Syrah Alban 2' from a vineyard at Georgetown, California. The original material qualified for the California Registration & Certification Program in 2016. Syrah 37 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2013 and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2016.

  Syrah 38.1 Top
Source Viticulture & Horticulture Establishment, Milan, Italy via the National Clonal Germplasm Repository, Davis
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was reportedly imported to Davis in 1949 by Dr. Harold Olmo (Professor, UC Davis) from Luigi Pirovano, Viticulture & Horticulture Establishment, Milan, Italy, Plant Identification number 173295). The original material for this selection came to Foundation Plant Services from the Repository in 2000 and tested positive for virus. The selection underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2010 and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2016.

  Syrah 41 Top
Source Glen Ellen, Sonoma County; donated by Morgan-Twain Peterson of Bedrock Wine Co.
Comments This heritage Syrah selection was donated to the FPS public grapevine collection in 2017 by Morgan Twain-Peterson of Bedrock Wine Co.

  Syrah 41.1 Top
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
  Available from FPS
  Syrah 99 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Syrah ENTAV- INRA ® 99
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments ENTAV has withdrawn this clone from the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program due to susceptibility to Syrah decline. This clone is no longer available for distribution in the United States.

  Syrah 470 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Authorized French clone 470 from ENTAV-INRA, France
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2009 from France via the Missouri Grape Importation & Certification Program at Missouri State University in Mountain Grove, Missouri. The material is ENTAV-INRA authorized French clone 470 which originated from Tarn-et-Garonne, a part of the Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées region in southern France. The original material successfully completed testing to qualify for the California Registration & Certification Program in 2012.

  Syrah 470.1 (proprietary) Top
Source Authorized French clone Syrah 470 from ENTAV-INRA, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2009 from France via the Missouri Grape Importation & Certification Program at Missouri State University in Mountain Grove, Missouri. The material is ENTAV-INRA authorized French clone 470 which originated from Tarn-et-Garonne, a part of the Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées region in southern France. The original material successfully completed testing to qualify for the California Registration & Certification Program in 2012. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 2014 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, which it did in 2016.

  Syrah 471 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Syrah ENTAV-INRA ® 471 authorized clone from ENTAV in France in 2000
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments Distributed by ENTAV-INRA licensees

  Syrah 524 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Authorized French clone 524 from ENTAV-INRA in France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This Syrah clone came to Foundation Plant Services from ENTAV-INRA in France in 2006. The plant material is official French clone Syrah 524, which originated from Drôme, a department in southeastern France named after the Drôme River. Syrah ENTAV-INRA® 524 successfully completed disease testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 2012. See also, Syrah 524.1.

  Syrah 524.1 (proprietary) Top
Source Authorized French clone 524 from ENTAV-INRA, France
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This Syrah clone came to Foundation Plant Services in 2006 from ENTAV-INRA in France. The plant material is official French clone Syrah 524, which originated from Drôme, a department in southeastern France named after the Drôme River. Syrah ENTAV-INRA® 524 successfully completed disease testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program in 2012. Syrah 524 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2007 and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2016.

  Syrah 525 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Syrah ENTAV-INRA ® 525
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments ENTAV has withdrawn this clone from the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program due its susceptibility to Syrah decline. This clone is no longer available for distribution in the United States.

  Syrah 747 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
  Available from FPS
Source Authorized Syrah 747 clone from France
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection is the official French clone Syrah 747, which is distributed in the United States through the ENTAV-INRA® clonal trademark program. The plant material for this clone originated in Tarn-et-Garonne in the Midi-Pyrénées region of France.

  Syrah 747.1 (proprietary) Top
Source Authorized French clone Syrah 747
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection is the official French clone Syrah 747, which is distributed in the United States through the ENTAV-INRA® clonal trademark program. The plant material for this clone originated in Tarn-et-Garonne in the Midi-Pyrénées region of France. The original plant material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 2010 for purposes of qualifying for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard. After successful completion of testing under the 2010 Protocol, the treated material was planted in the Russell Ranch vineyard in 2012 as Syrah ENTAV-INRA® 747.1.