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Grape Variety: Carignane

Variety Name Carignane
TTB Approved Name(s) Carignane (Carignan)
Common Synonyms Mazuela, Cariñena, Carignan noir
All Synonyms Babonenc, Bois de Fer, Bois Dur, Bovale Grande di Spagna, Bove Duro, Cagnolaro Tinto, Carignan, Carignan Mouillan, Carignan noir, Carignanne, Carignano, Cariñena, Carinena, Catalan, Cencibel, Crignane, Crujillon, Crusillo, Girarde, Karinjan, Kek Carignan, Legno Duro, Manuelo Tinto, Marocain, Mataro, Mazuela, Mazuelo, Mazuelo, Mollard, Monestel, Pinot Evara, Plant de Ledenon, Pokovec, Pokovez, Roussillonen, Samso, Samso Crusillo, Shopatna Blau, Sopatna Blau, Tinto Mazuela, Uva di Spagna
Countries of Origin Spain
Species Vitis vinifera
References
Berry Color Black
Uses Wine
Comments This grape variety originated in the province of Aragón in northeast Spain near the town of Cariñena. The variety was known in Spain as Mazuela, Mazuelo, and Cariñena. The grape was so widely cultivated in France that it has come to be identified with that country under the name Carignan (Carignan noir). The variety is known as Carignane in the United States.

Carignane PhotosClick photo to enlarge

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Carignane Selections

Information about:          Selection Numbers     |     Registration Status
  Carignane 02
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Carignane-1, originally from the vineyard of the Department of Viticulture & Enology, UC Davis
Treatments Heat treatment 95 days
Comments This selection originally came to Foundation Plant Services in the mid-1950's from the vineyard of the UC Davis Department of Viticulture & Enology, location I(eye) 56 vine 19. The original material underwent basic index testing and was planted in 1956 as Carignane-1 in the first foundation vineyard at Block A12 v 5-8. Carignane-1 underwent heat treatment therapy for 95 days at FPS in 1964 and was later planted in the Hopkins foundation vineyard in 1965 as Carignane 02. Carignane 02 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard.

  Carignane 03
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Carignane-1, originally from the vineyard of the Department of Viticulture & Enology, UC Davis
Treatments Heat treatment 102 days
Comments This selection originally came to Foundation Plant Services in the mid-1950's from the vineyard of the UC Davis Department of Viticulture & Enology, location I(eye) 56 vine 19. The original material underwent basic index testing and was planted in 1956 as Carignane-1 in the first foundation vineyard at Block A12 v 5-8. Carignane-1 underwent heat treatment therapy for 102 days at FPS in 1964 and was later planted in the Hopkins foundation vineyard in 1965 as Carignane 03. Carignane 03 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard.

  Carignane 03.1
Registration Status Provisional Provisional Status is an important term used in the regulations of the California Department of Food & Agriculture's Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Grapevine selections with Provisional Status have successfully completed all required disease testing, but have not been confirmed as true to variety. Propagation material from Provisional selections qualifies for release subject to the understanding on the part of the customer that the identity has yet to be confirmed.
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010.
Source Carignane-1, originally from the vineyard of the Department of Viticulture & Enology, UC Davis
Treatments Heat treatment 102 days (1964); microshoot tip tissue culture therapy (2011)
Comments This selection originally came to Foundation Plant Services in the mid-1950's from the vineyard of the UC Davis Department of Viticulture & Enology, location I(eye) 56 vine 19. The original material underwent basic index testing and was planted in 1956 as Carignane-1 in the first foundation vineyard at Block A12 v 5-8. Carignane-1 underwent heat treatment therapy for 102 days at FPS in 1964 and was later planted in the Hopkins foundation vineyard in 1965 as Carignane 03. Carignane 03 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard.

  Carignane 10
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Former Foothill Experiment Station in Jackson, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services around 1963 from the former University of California Foothill Experiment Station in Jackson, Amador County, California. The original plant material was at location D9 v13 in that vineyard. The original material tested positive for virus at FPS and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy in 2000. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Carignane 10 was planted in FPS' Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006.

  Carignane 10.2 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Former Foothill Experiment Station in Jackson, California
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services around 1965 from the former University of California Foothill Experiment Station in Jackson, Amador County, California. The original plant material was at location D9 v13 in that vineyard. The original material tested positive for virus at FPS and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture disease elimination therapy in 2000. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Carignane 10.2 was planted in FPS' Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006. Selection 10.2 comes from the same mother vine as Carignane 10, but was grown from a separate microshoot tip.

  Carignane 11 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010.
Source Morisoli Heritage Vineyard, Napa, CA
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments The original material for this selection was donated to the FPS foundation vineyard collection by Gary Morisoli of Napa in 2002. The selection was one of several heritage clones selected by Morisoli and FPS Director Deborah Golino from the Morisoli Heritage Vineyard in Napa. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2002 and qualified for the Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2011.

  Carignane 12 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Spinelli Vineyard in Oakley, California
Treatments None
Comments This heritage clone of Carignane was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2014 by Matt Cline. The plant material was harvested from the Spinelli Vineyard in Oakley, California, which was reportedly planted around 1885. The original material successfully completed testing in 2015 to qualify for the California Registration & Certification Program.

  Carignane 13 Top
Treatments Tissue Culture Excision
  Carignane 14 Top
Source Emerson Ranch Vineyard, Oakley, California
Treatments None , Tissue Culture Excision
Comments This heritage clone of Carignane was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2014 by Matt Cline. The plant material was harvested from the Emerson Ranch Vineyard in Oakley, California, which was reportedly planted sometime in the 1880's. The original material successfully completed testing in 2015 to qualify for the California Registration & Certification Program. This selection is one of three harvested from different source vines in the Emerson Ranch Vineyard (Carignane 13, 14, 15).

  Carignane 15 Top
Registration Status Registered Registered is the ultimate status in the California Department of Food & Agricultures Grapevine Registration & Certification Program. Registered selections have successfully completed all disease testing required by the regulations. Registered selections have also been confirmed as true to variety by experts using visual observations, DNA-based testing or both.
Source Emerson Ranch Vineyard, Oakley, California
Treatments None
Comments This heritage clone of Carignane was donated to the public grapevine collection at Foundation Plant Services in 2014 by Matt Cline. The plant material was harvested from the Emerson Ranch Vineyard in Oakley, California, which was reportedly planted sometime in the 1880's. The original material successfully completed testing in 2015 to qualify for the California Registration & Certification Program. This selection is one of three harvested from different source vines in the Emerson Ranch Vineyard (Carignane 13, 14, 15).