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Grape Variety: Béclan

Variety Name Béclan
Common Synonyms Béclan Petit
All Synonyms Baccalan, Baclan, Baclans, Becclan, Beikian, Beitrian, Durau, Dureau, Duret, Margillin Petit, Petit Béclan, Petit Dureau, Petit Margillin, Roussette noir, Saunoir, Saut noir, Sceau noir, Seaut noir
Countries of Origin France
Species Vitis vinifera
Berry Color Black
Uses Wine
Comments This cultivar is an old cultivar from the Jura region of France (eastern central). Only a few acres of Béclan vines exist in France today. This variety is called Petit Béclan in the Jura, to distinguish it from Gros Béclan (a synonym for Peloursin). DNA analysis has shown that Béclan is a distinct variety from Peloursin, Durif (Petit Sirah) and Pinot noir. (reference 80 - Robinson, Harding and Vouillamoz, WINE GRAPES, 2012, page 96).

Béclan Selections

Information about:          Selection Numbers     |     Registration Status
  Béclan 01.1
Source Whitten Ranch vineyard, Geyserville, California (Alexander Valley appellation)
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2013 from well-respected viticulturist David Gates, Vice President, Vineyard Operations, Ridge Vineyards, in Sonoma County, California. This cultivar is one of four (Petit Bouschet, Béclan, Mourtaou, and Saint Macaire) harvested from the old vineyards at Whitten Ranch in Geyserville, California. The vineyards at Whitten Ranch were planted in 1882 (Old Patch) and 1891 (Old Carignane) by A. Boutin, an orchardist and colleague of Luther Burbank. Boutin named his estate Heart’s Desire. Gates indicates that the surviving vines in the old vineyards are a field blend of Carignane (35%), Zinfandel (26%), Alicante Bouschet/Petite Bouschet/Grand noir (19%), Mataró (9%), Syrah/Petit Sirah (7%), and others, including Grenache, Négrette/Pinot St. George, Béclan noir, Listán, Olivette noir/Cornichon, Mourtaou and St. Macaire (4%). Ridge has made wines from these grapes since 1966. Gates is of the opinion that the clones could have value for the wine industry. All four cultivars have been donated to the FPS public grapevine collection. Beclan 01.1 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2013 and qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2017.