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Grape Variety: Tempranillo

Variety Name Tempranillo
TTB Approved Name(s) Tempranillo (Valdepeñas)
Common Synonyms Tinta Roríz, Valdepeñas, Aragónez
All Synonyms Aldepenas, Aragones, Aragónez, Aragónez de Ferra, Aragónez de Elvas, Arganda, Arinto Tinto, Cencibel, Cencibera, Chinchillana, Chinchillano, Chinchilyano, Cupani, Escobera, Garnacho Fono, Grenache de Logrono, Jacibiera, Jacivera, Juan Garcia, Negra de Mesa, Ojo de Liebre, Olho de Lebre, Sensibel, Tempranilla, Tempranillo de la Rioja, Tempranillo de Perralta, Tempranillo de Rioja, Tempranillo de Rioza, Tinta Aragóneza, Tinta Aragónes, Tinta de Santiago, Tinta de Toro, Tinta del País, Tinta do Inacio, Tinta Monteiro, Tinta Roríz, Tinta Roríz da Penajola, Tinta Santiago, Tinto Aragon, Tinto de la Rioja, Tinto de Madrid, Tinto de Rioja, Tinto de Toro, Tinto del País, Tinto Fino, Tinto Fino Ull de Llebre, Tinto Madrid, Tinto País, Tinto Ribiera, Tinto Riojano, Ull de Llebre, Valdepeñas, Valdepenhas, Verdiell, Vid de Aranda
Countries of Origin Spain
Species Vitis vinifera
References
Berry Color Black
Uses Table,Wine
Comments Although DNA analysis has demonstrated that Tempranillo de Rioja, Cencibel, Tinto del País, Tinto de Toro and Aragónez (Portugal) all share the same DNA profile (see references 49 and 50), clonal studies in Spain have shown some differences when the Tempranillo variety is grown in different regions (see reference 47).

Tempranillo PhotosClick photo to enlarge

                                           

Tempranillo Selections available from FPS

  Tempranillo 02
Registration Status Registered
Source Agro 2001 Nursery, Spain
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments USDA-ARS plant pathologist Dr. Austin Goheen imported this Tempranillo selection around 1983 from the AGRO 2001 Nursery in the La Rioja region of Spain. Tempranillo 02 has qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard (see Tempranillo 02.1).

  Tempranillo 02.1
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source AGRO 2001 Nursery, Spain
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments USDA-ARS plant pathologist Dr. Austin Goheen imported this Tempranillo selection around 1983 from the AGRO 2001 Nursery in the La Rioja region of Spain. Tempranillo 02 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2011 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard. The treated material successfully completed testing in 2013 and will be planted at Russell Ranch as Tempranillo 02.1.

  Tempranillo 03
Registration Status Registered
Source Reported to be Spanish clone 43, EIA Logroño Institute, Spain, via a California vineyard (Mendocino County)
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 1998 from EIA Logroño Institute, Spain, via a Mendocino County, California, vineyard. The material is reported to be Spanish clone 43. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Tempranillo 03 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. Spanish clone 43 is reportedly a good clone that was propagated by a famous large-scale grower [who wishes to remain anonymous] in the south of Spain. It was part of an older generation Tempranillo that was clonally selected for health and production.

  Tempranillo 03.1
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Reported to be Spanish clone 43, EIA Logroño Institute, Spain, via a Mendocino County, California, vineyard
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 1998 from EIA Logroño Institute, Spain, via a Mendocino County, California, vineyard. The material is reported to be Spanish clone 43. After successful completion of testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program, Tempranillo 03 was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2000. At the same time as the primary material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for this selection in 1998 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those backup vines were planted in the Classic Foundation Vineyard without assignment of a formal selection number. The treated backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify them for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where the new selection was planted in 2011 as Tempranillo 03.1. Spanish clone 43 is reportedly a good clone that was propagated by a famous large-scale grower [who wishes to remain anonymous] in the south of Spain. It was part of an older generation Tempranillo that was clonally selected for health and production.

  Tempranillo 05 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source CL-242, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyl), Valladolid, Spain
Treatments None
Comments This selection was one of a group of Spanish clones that came to Foundation Plant Services in 2000 from the clonal selection program at the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain. The source of this selection is CL-242, which stands for 'Castilla y León 242'. According to Dr. Jesús Yuste, who sent the clone to the United States, Tempranillo clone 242 is associated with the synonym Tinta del País in Spain. The synonym name evolved as the grape was grown and developed in the Ribera del Duero in the Castilla y León region of north-central Spain, around Burgos, Segovia, Soria and Valladolid. The Ribera del Duero wine region runs along the Duero river. The plant material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program at FPS and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2003.

  Tempranillo 05.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source CL-242, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was one of a group of Spanish clones that came to Foundation Plant Services in 2000 from the clonal selection program at the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain. The source of this selection is CL-242, which stands for 'Castilla y León 242'. According to Dr. Jesús Yuste, who sent the clone to the United States, Tempranillo clone 242 is associated with the synonym Tinta del País in Spain. The synonym name evolved as the grape was grown and developed in the Ribera del Duero in the Castilla y León region of north-central Spain, around Burgos, Segovia, Soria and Valladolid. The Ribera del Duero wine region runs along the Duero river. The plant material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program at FPS and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2003. At the same time as the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for this selection in 2001 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. The backup vines were planted in the Classic Foundation Vineyard without assignment of a formal selection number. The backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify them for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where the new selection was planted in 2011 as Tempranillo FPS 05.1.

  Tempranillo 06 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Tempranillo FPS 01
Treatments Heat treatment 102 days; Micro shoot tip culture
Comments Tempranillo FPS 01 came to Davis from the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agronómicas in Madrid, Spain, in 1971. Tempranillo FPS 01 was first registered in California in 1979 but was later (1981) removed from the list for being RSP+. Tempranillo FPS 06 was produced from Tempranillo FPS 01 plant material using micro shoot tip tissue culture propagation and was first registered in California under the new number in 2006.

  Tempranillo 07 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Italy
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection was imported by a California winemaker from Italy in 1995 and was initially labelled 'Malvasia nera'. The original material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 1999. In 2003, DNA analysis confirmed a prior visual analysis and opinion by Dr. Jean-Michel Boursiquot that the selection appeared to be Tempranillo. The name was changed and the selection was registered as Tempranillo FPS 07 in 2003.

  Tempranillo 07.1 Top
Registration Status Provisional
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Italy
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported by a California winemaker from Italy in 1995 and was initially labelled 'Malvasia nera'. The original material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 1999. In 2003, DNA analysis confirmed a prior visual analysis and opinion by Dr. Jean-Michel Boursiquot that the selection appeared to be Tempranillo. The name was changed and the selection was registered as Tempranillo FPS 07 in 2003. At the same time as the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for this selection in 1995 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those backup vines were planted in the FPS foundation vineyard without the assignment of a formal selection number. This selection, which was one of those backup vines, successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Tempranillo 11 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source CL- 292, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyl), Valladolid, Spain
Treatments None
Comments This selection was one of a group of Spanish clones that came to Foundation Plant Services in 2000 from the clonal selection program at the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain. The source of the selection is CL-292, which stands for 'Castilla y León 292', which is a Tinto de Toro Tempranillo clone. The plant material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2002.

  Tempranillo 11.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source CL-292, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was one of a group of Spanish clones that came to Foundation Plant Services in 2000 from the clonal selection program at the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain. The source of the selection is CL-292, which stands for 'Castilla y León 292', which is a Tinto de Toro Tempranillo clone. The plant material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2002. At the time the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines in 2001 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy. Those backup vines were planted in the Classic Foundation Vineyard but were not assigned an official selection number. The backup material successfully completed testing to qualify it for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2012 as Tempranillo 11.1.

  Tempranillo 12 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Ribera del Duero, Spain
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments California viticulturist and winemaker Markus Bokisch donated this selection to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2001. He reports that the selection is a Tinto Fino type Tempranillo from the Ribera del Duero region in Spain. The clone has small berries and small clusters. The original material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006.

  Tempranillo 12.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Ribera del Duero, Spain
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments California viticulturist and winemaker Markus Bokisch donated this selection to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2001. He reports that the selection is a Tinto Fino type Tempranillo from the Ribera del Duero region in Spain. The clone has small berries and small clusters. The original material successfully completed testing for the California Grapevine Registration & Certification Program and was planted in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2006. At the same time that the original material was undergoing testing, FPS created backup vines for Tempranillo 12 using microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 2001. Those backup vines were planted in the Classic Foundation Vineyard without assignment of an official selection number. The backup vines successfully completed testing to qualify the material for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where the treated selection was planted in 2011 as Tempranillo 12.1.

  Tempranillo 13 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Clone CL 98, ITACyL, Spain
Treatments None
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2006 from the collection at the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL) in Spain. The material is clone CL 98, which is a 'Tinta del País' type, and is from a vineyard in Valladolid.

  Tempranillo 14 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source CL 306, ITACyL, Spain
Treatments None
Comments This selection came to Foundation Plant Services in 2066 from the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León. the material is clone CL 306, a 'Tinta de Toro' type, and is from a vineyard in Valladolid.

  Tempranillo 15.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Anonymous donor, Portugal
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments The original name for this selection at Foundation Plant Services was Valdepenhas FPS 01. An anonymous donor gave this selection to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2004. Valdepenhas is a Portuguese synonym for the grape variety Tempranillo. DNA analysis conducted in 2005 showed that the plant material from this selection matches that for California Valdepeñas FPS 03 and the variety Tempranillo. The name was changed to Tempranillo FPS 15 in 2009. Tempranillo 15 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2006. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it will be planted in 2013 as Tempranillo 15.1.

  Tempranillo 16 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB clone 593) to the Foundation Plant Services public grapevine collection in 2007. The original plant material qualified for the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2009.

  Tempranillo 16.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel S.A., Portugal
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB clone 593) to the Foundation Plant Services public grapevine collection in 2007. The original plant material qualified for the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2009. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 2007 and successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Tempranillo 17 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments Viticulturist Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB 51) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. The orginal material qualified for planting in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2009, despite testing positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus.

  Tempranillo 17.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Viticulturist Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB 51) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. The orginal material qualified for planting in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard in 2009, despite testing positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus. Tempranillo 17 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2007. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify it for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2012 as Tempranillo 17.1.

  Tempranillo 18 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments Viticulturist Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB 549) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. The original plant material qualified for planting in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard despite testing positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus.

  Tempranillo 18.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Viticulturist Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB 549) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. The original plant material qualified for planting in the FPS Classic Foundation Vineyard despite testing positive for Rupestris stem pitting virus. The original plant material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2008. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2012 as Tempranillo 18.1.

  Tempranillo 19 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel S.A., Portugal
Treatments None
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection JPB clone 95) to the Foundation Plant Services public grapevine collection in 2007. It is the 'Tinto del País' type Tempranillo and was imported to FPS under that name. The original material qualified for the FPS foundation vineyard in 2009.

  Tempranillo 19.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection JPB clone 95) to the Foundation Plant Services public grapevine collection in 2007. It is the 'Tinto del País' type Tempranillo and was imported to FPS under that name. The original material qualified for the FPS foundation vineyard in 2009. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2008 and successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Tempranillo 20 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel S.A., Portugal
Treatments None
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB 594) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. It is the Tinto de Toro type and was imported to FPS under that name. A microshoot tip tissue culture version of this selection is also available.

  Tempranillo 22 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel S.A., Portugal
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB clone 548) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. The original material was released from quarantine in 2009.

  Tempranillo 22.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel S.A., Portugal
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments Jorge Boehm donated this selection (JPB clone 548) to the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2007. The original material was released from quarantine in 2009. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2008 and successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2014.

  Tempranillo 23 Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Spain
Treatments None, RSP+
Comments This selection was imported for the Foundation Plant Services' public collection in 2008 as part of an ongoing exchange with the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), in Valladolid, Spain. The selection is the CL (Castilla León)-311 clone and is the Tinto de Toro type Tempranillo. Tempranillo 23 has qualified for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard (see Tempranillo 23.1).

  Tempranillo 23.1 Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Spain
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported for the Foundation Plant Services' public collection in 2008 as part of an ongoing exchange with the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), in Valladolid, Spain. The selection is the CL (Castilla León)-311 clone and is the Tinto de Toro type Tempranillo. Tempranillo 23 underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2009. The treated material successfully completed testing in 2013 to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard where it will be planted as Tempranillo 23.1.

  Tempranillo 24.1 Top
Registration Status Provisional
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Spain
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Comments This selection was imported for the Foundation Plant Services public collection in 2008 as part of an ongoing exchange with the Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), in Valladolid, Spain. The selection is the CL (Castilla León)-117 clone and is the Tinta del País type Tempranillo. The selection tested positive for virus and underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy at FPS in 2009. The treated material successfully completed testing to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard in 2015.

  Tempranillo 25 Top
  More information regarding selection available soon.
  Tempranillo 26 Top
  More information regarding selection available soon.
  Tempranillo 224 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Provisional
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel, S.A., Portugal
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection was formerly known as Aragónez FPS 01 and Aragónez PLANSEL 224. This selection came to FPS in 2005 and is a proprietary selection that is distributed by licensees of Viveiros Plansel.

  Tempranillo 232 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Provisional
Source Jorge Boehm, Viveiros Plansel S.A., Portugal
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner.
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection was formerly known as Aragónez FPS 02 and Aragónez PLANSEL 232. It came to FPS in 2005 and is a proprietary selection distributed by PLANSEL licensees.

  Tempranillo 770 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Authorized French clone Tempranillo 770 from ENTAV-INRA
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection was imported to the United States in 2000 for distribution under the ENTAV-INRA® clonal trademark program. The material is the official French clone, Tempranillo 770. According to Laurent Audeguin of ENTAV, clone 770 is the most propagated certified clone of Tempranillo in France. The clone is distributed by ENTAV-INRA licensees in the U.S.

  Tempranillo 770.1 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered
Protocol 2010 Qualifies for Protocol 2010. (This selection planted in Russell Ranch)
Source Authorized French clone Tempranillo 770 from ENTAV
Treatments Microshoot tip tissue culture therapy
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection was imported to the United States in 2000 for distribution under the ENTAV-INRA® clonal trademark program. The material is the official French clone, Tempranillo 770. According to Laurent Audeguin of ENTAV, clone 770 is the most propagated certified clone of Tempranillo in France. The original material underwent microshoot tip tissue culture therapy in 2010 in order to qualify for the Russell Ranch Foundation Vineyard, where it was planted in 2012 as Tempranillo ENTAV-INRA® 770.1. The clone is distributed by ENTAV-INRA licensees in the U.S.

  Tempranillo 776 (proprietary) Top
Registration Status Registered
Source Tempranillo ENTAV-INRA ® 776 authorized clone from ENTAV in France
Treatments None
Proprietary Proprietary- cannot be distributed without written permission from owner: ENTAV-IFV
Patented / Proprietary Proprietary
Comments This selection is distributed by ENTAV-INRA licensees in the U.S.